Plastic extrusion has a lot of advantages and can revolutionize the way your company makes plastic goods. The continuous plastic extrusion technique may produce a large amount of product. Because the production can be enhanced by exploiting the speed of plastic extrusion equipment, this is perfect for items that have high demand.

Read More: plastic extrusion equipment

A device that pushes or pulls material through a shaped die, such as molten plastic, is called an extrusion machine. This creates a cross section and product length that are continuous. Plastic sheets and tubing are only two of the numerous goods that are produced using this extrusion method. Among the many advantages of this manufacturing technique are the numerous complicated cross sections it can produce.

Numerous different raw materials may be utilized to create a wide range of goods using extrusion machines. This production method works well with brittle raw materials and offers a wider variety of plastic profiles. Automotive components, window frames, electrical conduit, wire insulation, tubing and plumbing goods, and food packaging film are among the items made by plastic extrusion machines used in industrial applications.

Types of Equipment Used

Plastic Sheet Extrusion Equipment: These machines begin with raw materials, such as plastic, melt them, and then feed them through a flat die. A continuous plastic film is created by the plastic sheet machine, which may then be cut into a wide range of plastic items, including plastic panels and weather stripping.

Extrusion machines with a single screw that mix plastic granules and force them through a die are known as single screw extrusion machines. The end product shape is the consequence of this.

Twin Screw Extrusion Machines: There are several screw diameter and configuration choices available for twin screw extruders. These extruders may be utilized in all plastic-using sectors and are ideal for situations where specific colors or characteristics are required (with the use of additives).

How Does the Extrusion Process Work?

Heat produced by the rotating screws and heating elements slowly melts plastic material that is fed into an extruder hopper. In order to transfer materials during the extrusion process, the screws have three distinct zones:

Feed Zone: This is where the extrusion machine receives gravity-fed plastic feedstock.

The area where plastic materials are melted to the appropriate temperature is called the “melting zone.”

Before proceeding with the cooling process, the remaining plastic particles are melted and combined in the metering zone to ensure a consistent temperature and composition.

Control of Temperature

The temperature within the extruder’s barrel must be kept constant. Since defects might arise from overheating, the barrel is usually heated gradually. Before it is extruded via a die mold, a number of fans and water cooling systems are used to keep the temperature stable.

Die Form

A single continuous profile produced by a die mold can be divided into individual sections. Die molds, as opposed to injection molding, enable your product to be manufactured consistently at the appropriate sizes. You may incorporate a variety of die types into your process.

Three different die types are used in blown film extrusion: spiral, spider, and annular dies. The molten plastic cools and forms a semi-solid tube as it exits the die. Where the plastic is stretched over rollers, air pressure is pulled upward and employed to expand the tube.

When a thicker plastic sheet is required, film extrusion is employed.

PE, ABS, acrylic, and PVC piping are among the items that are often made via tubing extrusion.

For the outer layer of wires and cables, over jacketing extrusions are utilized. There are two kinds of dies used: pressure and tubing or jacketing.